Investor Alert

Bitcoin 2022: We’re Still So Early

Author: Frank Holmes
Date Posted: April 8, 2022 Read time: 43 min

An estimated 30,000 people attended this week’s Bitcoin 2022 conference in Miami, which is rapidly becoming a major global crypto-finance hub.

An estimated 30,000 people attended this week’s Bitcoin 2022 conference in Miami, which is rapidly becoming a major global crypto-finance hub. Miami mayor Francis Suarez, who takes his salary in Bitcoin, kicked off the event by unveiling a giant cybernetic, laser-eyed bull statue modeled after the iconic Charging Bull installation that stands near the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)—a not-so-subtle hint that the city wishes to brand itself as the “crypto Wall Street.”

It was a great pleasure seeing everyone from HIVE Blockchain Technologies, which helped sponsor the conference. I want to acknowledge their hard work in making HIVE among the most efficient, most profitable Bitcoin and Ether miners.

If there’s one theme that ran throughout the entire four-day event, it’s that we’re still so early. I believe that buying Bitcoin today is like investing in the internet back in 1995. There’s incredible upside potential, and for those who worry that Bitcoin is too expensive at $43,000, just wait another five to 10 years.

Like the Internet in 1995

Ask yourself this: Do you think Bitcoin adoption and ownership is going to go up over time, or down? At the moment, ownership is still relatively limited. In the U.S., for instance, only one in five people holds Bitcoin. But as its use cases become more obvious, and more people join the network, this figure should increase. This is what’s known as Metcalfe’s law.

Cryptocurrency ownership by country

Bitcoin’s critics say it has no utility and it’s wasteful. Warren Buffett calls it “rat poison.” The same type of FUD, which stands for fear, uncertainty and doubt, was being spread about the internet in 1995. If you had listened to people like astronomer Clifford Stoll—who in a now-famous Newsweek op-ed said it was “baloney” that we’d ever shop, read the news or attend school online—you’d have missed out on investing in Amazon, Google and many other companies you likely interact with on a weekly or even daily basis.

Just as they did back in the 90s, it’s the younger investors who seem to get it the most. The average user age of the commission-free Robinhood trading app is around 32. These investors have made Bitcoin the number one recurring buy asset on Robinhood—higher than Apple, higher than Tesla, higher even than broad-based equity index ETFs.

Bitcoin is the number one recurring buy asset on robinhood

But didn’t internet stocks crash in 2000? Yes, and many of the companies that survived are still around today and highly profitable. Besides Amazon, there’s eBay, Booking Holdings, Priceline and more.

According to CoinMarketCap, some 18,760 cryptocurrencies are currently being traded on more than 500 different exchanges. If a similar “dotcom bubble” were to burst right now, 99.99% of these “sh*tcoins,” as they’re called, would disappear overnight.

Bet on the winners. For me, that’s Bitcoin and Ether. Everything else is pure speculation.

My Top Takeaways

I attended so many great presentations and panels this week that it’s difficult for me to single any out, but I will try my best. Three different announcements come to mind.

The first announcement comes from Robinhood. The company’s chief product officer, Aparna Chennapragada, took the stage to tell everyone that, at long last, Robinhood would roll out digital wallets to as many as 2 million users who have been on a waitlist. What this means is they can now send and receive cryptos, including Bitcoin, peer-to-peer. In addition, Robinhood plans to integrate the Lightning Network, which will make such transactions instantaneous and virtually free.

The second announcement has to do with mass adoption. At last year’s conference, we learned that El Salvador would move to become the world’s first country to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender, something it’s now accomplished. This week we learned that two new jurisdictions are following in its footsteps.

Prospera, a new special economic zone in Honduras, just officially adopted Bitcoin, as did the autonomous Portuguese archipelago known as Madeira, home to more than a quarter of a million people. And believe it or not, Mexico may be next. Mexican senator Indira Kempis Martinez told the thousands in attendance she was working on legislation that would make Bitcoin legal tender in her country, where a third of adults are unbanked and lack access to credit. 

And finally, I want to mention an exciting announcement made by Strike CEO Jack Mallers. In a highly entertaining, breathless presentation, Mallers announced that his firm had partnered with not only Shopify but also the world’s biggest point-of-sale systems to make it possible for consumers to pay for a Big Mac at McDonald’s or wine at Costco using Bitcoin. Mallers framed this innovation as the first real evolution in payments processing technology since 1949, when the Diners Club credit card was conceived. Hundreds of household-named stores and restaurants are expected to begin accepting Bitcoin as payment, which will eliminate all third-party intermediaries and fees.

It’s truly an exciting time, and I hope you’re participating. Cathie Wood, I think, said it best. During her panel with Michael Saylor, the ARK Invest chief called Bitcoin the “first open-source, global private digital rules-based monetary system in the history of the world.” We’re only just now starting to realize the full implications of that.

Index Summary

  • The major market indices finished down this week. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 0.28%. The S&P 500 Stock Index fell 1.26%, while the Nasdaq Composite fell 3.86%. The Russell 2000 small capitalization index lost 4.62% this week.
  • The Hang Seng Composite lost 0.69% this week; while Taiwan was down 5.13% and the KOSPI fell 9.31%.
  • The 10-year Treasury bond yield rose 3 basis points to 2.704%.

Airline Sector


  • The best performing airline stock for the week was Spirit Airlines, up 19.2%. In the first quarter of 2022, airline stocks returned 4.3% compared to the S&P 500 which was down 4.9%. The group outperformed in January and February while only modestly underperforming in March (up 3.1% compared to the S&P 500 up 3.6%). The March and year-to-date results are impressive given the geopolitical environment and a 36% increase in jet fuel prices since the Russia/Ukraine conflict began. This speaks to the strong demand environment as leisure and corporate travel return post-omicron.
  • Global travel restrictions are on 76% of routes, versus 81% last month. Of these routes, 56% are entry condition routes and 19% are entry restriction routes. G20 travel restrictions are on 79% of travel routes versus 94% last month. France has the greatest number of travel restrictions. Surprisingly, despite the zero-COVID travel policy, China has the fewest travel restrictions at 285.
  • In the latest data, international volumes improved slightly to -19.5% versus 2019 and improved 9% over the course of March. This week, pricing was flat at down -6% versus 2019 but has improved 6% during the month. International bookings have been resilient since the onset of the Russia/Ukraine conflict. In addition, the Omicron BA.2 sub-variant that spread through parts of Europe and Asia in the past month is now the dominant strain among new cases in the U.S.


  • The worst performing airline stock for the week was JetBlue Airlines, down 19.6%. China’s “Big Three” airlines recorded an average net loss at Rmb5.5 billion during the fourth quarter of 2021, the worst quarter since the start of the pandemic, reflecting the impact of more frequent outbreaks in China and surging fuel costs. Looking ahead, first quarter 2022 is poised to remain in huge losses, with scope for worsening even on a quarter-over-quarter basis; an improvement from second quarter 2022 onward hinges on China’s ability to clear off the latest rounds of infection spikes, the development of which suggests the country’s strict adherence to a ‘Dynamic COVID-zero’ policy.
  • Chinese domestic air traffic plunged to 20% of 2019 levels in the second half of March, down from 45% in the first half of the month. This is near to the initial COVID disruptions back in the first half of February 2020 when traffic was down to only 14% of normal levels. By airport, the decline was led by key cities with traffic at Shanghai only at 4% of 2019 levels in the second half of March (from 39% in the first half of March), while Guangzhou and Hainan appear better at 30-35% of 2019 levels in the second half of March. Domestic airline unit revenues also weakened to 57% of normal in the second half of February.
  • Wholesale jet fuel prices in New York continue to soar unabated, touching a fresh record for the second consecutive trading day. Jet fuel on the spot market added another 93 cents, surging to $7.61 a gallon on Monday, a new high since Bloomberg started publishing these prices in 1988. Regional stockpiles are at their lowest for this time of year since 2015.
New York Harbor Jet Fuel Is Spiking


  • European airlines reported a sustained recovery in bookings after a short-lived dip in demand following the invasion of Ukraine. Airlines noted that demand for U.K. outbound travel is stronger than continental Europe. Most airlines expect fares to exceed 2019 levels over summer, although it is unclear if this is sufficient to offset higher fuel prices. The network carriers noted that unhedged U.S. airlines are likely to support prices on Transatlantic as they are confident, they can pass through all fuel price increases. Separately, Ryanair’s CEO mentioned in a press interview that he sees pricing at or higher than pre-COVID levels in the summer peak months.
  • During March, Aero Mexico and Air Lease Corporation announced a new long-term lease agreement with Boeing for nine new 737 MAX aircraft. This announcement is part of the legacy carrier’s plan to invest over $5 billion in fleet within the next five years. It is worth noting that the company managed to emerge from its Chapter 11 process with a larger fleet, ending 2021 with 133 aircraft (versus 125 at the end of the fourth quarter). With this new agreement and the current aircraft order, Aero Mexico expects to close 2022 with a fleet comprised of 147 aircraft.
  • JetBlue Airways has made an offer to acquire Spirit Airlines for $3.6 billion, throwing a wrench into Spirit’s plan to merge with Frontier Airlines. Spirit and Frontier, two budget carriers that operate domestically, had agreed to merge in early February in a deal the companies said would bring about $1 billion in annual savings for consumers. JetBlue has offered $33 a share in cash. That price is a 40% premium to Frontier’s cash and share offer for Spirit, which has an implied value of about $23 a share at current prices. Shares of Frontier have fallen by more than 10% since shortly before the two airlines announced the deal, reducing the value of its original offer. The board of Spirit has not decided yet on which deal to pursue.


  • Ninety-one percent of airline stocks still trade above the midpoint of historical EV/EBITDAR levels with Alaska Air, JetBlue, and Southwest trading near or below their historical midpoints. United continues to trade at the highest premium relative to its historical average, up 37%. Meanwhile, the group trades at an average market cap and enterprise value that is 85% and 99% of 2019 levels.
  • Air China expects a domestic travel recovery to occur by the end of 2022, while an international travel recovery remains uncertain. Air China will continue to invest in domestic flight routes and tailor services to align with traveler preferences. For international travel, Air China expects recovery to hinge on China’s COVID-19 state and the country’s cross-border travel policy.
  • U.S. airlines’ trailing seven-day website visits stepped back this week, up 10% versus 2019 for the week. This week, Delta’s trailing seven-day website visits decelerated by 14% versus 2019 (compared to -7% last week), while American’s improved by 34% versus 2019. United’s traffic was flat. Following a jump in traffic last week due to a fare sale, Southwest’s website visits declined.

Emerging Markets


  • The best performing country in emerging Europe for the week was Turkey, gaining 6.3%. The best performing country in Asia this week was Indonesia, gaining 1.9%.
  • The Russian ruble was the best relative performing currency in emerging Europe this week, gaining 7.6%. The Indian rupee was the best performing currency in Asia this week, losing 0.01%.
  • The final S&P Global Eurozone Service PMI was reported at 55.6 in March versus the preliminary 54.8. Bloomberg economists expected the Service PMI to remain unchanged at 54.8. A strong Service PMI pushed the Composite PMI in Europe to 54.9 from 54.5.


  • The worst performing country in emerging Europe for the week was Hungary, losing 6.3%. The worst performing country in Asia this week was Taiwan, losing 2.00%.
  • The Hungarian forint was the worst performing currency in emerging Europe this week, losing 4.2%. The South Korea won was the worst performing currency in Asia this week, losing 0.70%.
  • Caixin reported very weak China Services and Composite PMIs for the month of March. The Services PMI came in at 42.0 versus 49.7 expected, and 50.2 in February. The Caixin Composite PMI fell sharply to 43.9 versus 50.1 in February. The Caixin Manufacturing PMI was released last week, and it too fell below the 50.0 level that separates expansion from contraction.


  • Credit Suisse lowered its real gross domestic product (GDP) growth forecast for 2022 for the emerging market economies. The broker now expects real GDP growth of 4.2%, down from 4.7% at the start of the year. The new forecast reflects the negative impact from the war in Europe. On a positive note, CSFB predicts all emerging countries’ economies will grow this year, with the exception of Russia. The Russian economy is expected to contract 6.4% this year, and 2.3% next year.
  • Poland’s government considers a construction of a dry port to help Ukraine’s exports of grains and other agricultural products. Almost all of Ukraine’s exports were through the Black Sea ports of Odesa and Mykolaiv, which are currently blocked by Russia.
  • China may cut the reserves requirement ratio (RRR) and interest rates in the second quarter to bolster its economy. Since the second half of last year, the country has twice reduced the RRR for financial institutions. In January, the central bank also cut the interest rates of its medium-term lending facility loans and reverse repos, and lowered benchmark lending rates.


  • The default risk for Russia has risen after the U.S. Treasury banned Russia from making any debt payments through U.S. banks. Russia so far has been able to fulfill its debt obligation but will face another round of dollar coupon payments in the last week of May. The Russian ruble bounced to pre-war levels, but it may quickly depreciate against the dollar if Russia will not be able to pay its debt obligations. Ed Hyman from Evercore ISI commented that Russia credit insurance shows a 99% chance of default within a year.
Russian Ruble Recovered to Pre-War Levels
  • Poland this week hiked its rate by 100 basis points while a rate increase of only 50 basis points was expected. The country’s inflation spiked to 10.9% year-over-year in March and most likely CPI will stay on its upward path. Central banks will continue to fight inflation by raising rates, a move adversely affecting economic growth.
  • The Federal Reserve (Fed) and European Central Bank (ECB) released minutes from their latest meetings and both banks indicated tighter monetary policies. The ECB’s March minutes signaled a need to act on inflation as the conflict in Ukraine will continue to push prices higher, weighting on economic activity. In Europe, the bond buying program may end as soon as June, and rate hikes will follow in a year. In the U.S, the Fed signaled a higher rate hike of 50 basis points as soon as next month. Tighter monetary policies may cause equites to slip.

Energy & Natural Resources


  • The best performing commodity for the week was natural gas, up 10.56%. Europe’s ambition to wean itself off natural gas is putting a new floor under energy prices.  Records from the International Energy Agency shows that the European Union (EU) imported about 155 billion cubic meters of natural gas from Russia last year, but the bloc wants to reduce that by two-thirds by the end of this year. The U.S. is a potential swing producer of natural gas, but that will command higher prices.
  • Electric cars got a boost, or should we say battery metals got another vote of support by Hertz Global Holdings announcing plans to buy 65,000 electric vehicles from Polestar over the next five years. In addition, an infrastructure plan announced by President Biden includes $8 billion in federal funds earmarked for so-called hydrogen hubs which more than a dozen states will be competing for.
  • Another round of potash price increases is occurring as Russian seaborne supply has now largely dried up on the back of the indirect effects of sanctions. As a result of these sanctions 40% of global potash supply is currently absent from the export market. It was also a strong week for steel, with hot rolled hitting $1,450 per ton, up 45% over the past month. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has impacted global steel trade flows and higher pricing for metallics, which have surged as a result.


  • The worst performing commodity for the week was zinc, down 4.63%. Zinc jumped in London to head for its highest close since 2006 earlier this week, as further declines in exchange inventories add to mounting evidence of strained supply. Orders to withdraw zinc from warehouses tracked by the LME jumped by a third to reach 59,550 tons, the highest level since November. The metal used in galvanizing has rallied 25% this year on the London Metal Exchange and spiked to an intraday record of $4,896 a in a day of frenzied trading on fresh memories of the recent nickel trading fiasco. For the rest of the week zinc trailed off as momentum waned.
  • Europe’s ambitious timetable for building its way out of a dependence on Russian energy faces potential delays and billions of dollars in extra costs, writes Bloomberg, as the war in Ukraine makes steel, copper, and aluminum scarce and more expensive. A rush to replace Russian fossil fuels is prompting the continent to focus on shoring up flows of liquefied natural gas in the near term and increasing generation from renewable sources by 2030. Germany pledges to build two LNG terminals, the article continues, and France wants to resume talks with Spain about a connecting pipeline, while the U.K. seeks more homegrown wind, solar and nuclear power.
  • Oil fell to the lowest since mid-March after the International Energy Agency (IEA) said it will deploy 60 million barrels of oil from emergency stockpiles to bolster the historic release announced by the Biden Administration, reports Bloomberg. West Texas Intermediate closed below $97 a barrel after earlier rising as high as $104 on Wednesday. The IEA’s Fatih Birol said members will release 120 million additional barrels of oil, including about 60 million from the U.S. Meanwhile, government data showed U.S. crude stockpiles rose by more than 2 million barrels last week.


  • Looking at battery technology, EV manufactures rely heavily on lithium-ion batteries with NMC and NCA cathodes, although LFP batteries have been gaining market share. Yet, innovations keep coming, with solid state and potentially sodium-ion batteries also being discussed; the first can run on similar cathodes than today’s batteries, the second would go without nickel/ cobalt. Incidentally, and beyond that, operators have refocused from pure graphite toward composite and pure silicon anodes. This can help increase energy density, which in turn may reduce metals demand.
  • Global refining utilization rates are increasing to reflect new capacity delays and permanent closures and there may be further upside risks if China product exports stay low. Refined product demand should remain strong on elevated gas-to-oil switching, recovering jet fuel demand and a rebound in China demand from COVID-led dips in the first half of 2022. Global utilization rates are trending toward the 2015-17 upcycle, but energy costs remain high as well, particularly in Europe, which should support net margins in Asia and the U.S. given their better cost curve positioning.
  • The White House announced that President Biden will authorize the use of the Defense Production Act (DPA) to enhance domestic production of critical materials used for large capacity batteries. Specifically, the DPA will be authorized to support “production and processing of minerals and materials…such as lithium, nickel, cobalt, graphite, and manganese.” The President is also reviewing potential further uses of DPA beyond minerals and materials in order “to secure safer, cleaner, and more resilient energy for America.”


  • Despite Europe’s policymakers facing a new energy trilemma between their objectives of 1) net zero, 2) energy independence, and 3) containing energy price inflation, Europe’s oil and gas industry remains well-insulated from interventionist attempts to tap ‘windfall earnings’ in Europe.
  • The fact that consumers across the board are feeling pain at the pump is common sense, but the magnitude varies a great deal from country to country. Overall, the near-term economic impact and thus risk of oil demand destruction is smaller than commonly believed. A prolonged period of triple-digit oil prices would stimulate faster adoption of electric mobility, accelerating oil demand displacement, though that will take time.
  • The Financial Conduct Authority and Bank of England will undertake reviews into the governance, market oversight and risk management of the London Metal Exchange after a massive short squeeze led to weeks of turmoil that paralyzed the nickel market.

Domestic Economy & Equities


  • Weekly initial jobless claims dropped to 166,000 from 202,000. The latest reading came in well below the expected 200,000. It is the lowest number on record.
  • The unemployment rate further declined to 3.6% in March from 3.8% in February. Bloomberg economists were predicting the unemployment rate to drop to 3.7%.
  • Twitter was the best performing S&P 500 stock for the week, gaining 17.60%. Shares gained more than 20% on Monday on news that Elon Musk took a stake in the Company.


  • While jobless claims data declined, continuing claims suddenly increased. The latest data revealed an increase in continuing jobless claims to 1,523,000 from 1,307,000. Bloomberg economists were expecting a reading of 1,302,000.
  • Final S&P Global U.S. Service PMI declined to 58.0 in March from the 58.9 preliminary reading. Bloomberg economists expected the reading to remain unchanged at 58.9. Weaker Service PMI data brought the final S&P Global U.S. Composite PMI to 57.7, below the expected and prior reading of 58.5.
  • MarketAxess, an information services company, was the worst performing S&P 500 stock for the week, losing 17.09%. Shares declined after a handful of brokers downgraded the Company.


  • According to Eliza Winger and Yelena Shulyateyeva from Bloomberg Economic Insights, real GDP will grow above the trade line of 2.5% this year, implying moderate growth in corporate revenues. They do not expect the compensation cost to increase faster than revenues. However, the analysts do believe that labor costs will increase, putting pressure on margins. Solid growth in demand and the ability to pass on pricing will offset some of these pressures, they say.
  • Next week earnings season for big banks will start on Wednesday. The S&P 500 Bank Index has lagged the broader market by about 12.5% since the end of February. If banks’ earnings releases surprise to the upside, that could drive a near-term bounce in equities, particularly given the still fairly healthy fundamental backdrop, FactSet commented. The biggest positive for the group seems to be the expectations for a more aggressive Fed tightening cycle.
  • Bloomberg economists predict sales to advance by 0.50% in March on a month-over-month basis. Sales ex. auto should jump 0.80%. The data will be released on April 14.


  • Minutes from the Fed’s March meeting, released Wednesday, showed many members were prepared to hike rates by 50 basis points but chose a smaller increase of only 25 basis points due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Fed officials signaled a bigger rate hike next month and a reduction of its $9 trillion asset portfolio. After the Fed minutes were released, stocks fell, and bond yields rose.
  • The situation on the ground in Ukraine seems to be in a transition phase, with the U.S. assessing Russian troops withdrawing from Kyiv and Chernihiv. However, experts say Russia is planning a major offensive in the Donbas region. Ukraine officials warned people in the Donbass area to leave while it is still possible to do so.
  • Inflation will continue to rise. Bloomberg economists predict CPI to reach 8.4% on a year-over-year basis in March versus 7.9% in February. Core CPI is expected to increase to 6.6% from 6.4%. U.S. inflation data will be released on April 12.

Blockchain and Digital Currencies


  • Of the cryptocurrencies tracked by CoinMarketCap, the best performer for the week was Bitcoin Metaverse, rising 1,603.46%.
  • According to a recent survey published by Investopedia, 28% of U.S. millennials polled said they expect to use cryptocurrency to support themselves in retirement. This figure was higher than those who said they would use savings (25%) and stock investments (27%) to fund their retirement, writes CoinTelegraph. 
  • MicroStrategy’s war chest of Bitcoin is getting bigger and bigger with the software firm announcing on Tuesday that it bought another 4,167 of the digital tokens, bringing its holdings to more than 129,000. The purchase vaults the total value of its Bitcoin assets to just shy of $6 billion, which exceeds its entire market cap by $500 million, writes Bloomberg.


  • Of the cryptocurrencies tracked by CoinMarketCap, the worst performing for the week was Lord Token, down 100%.
  • Cryptocurrency exchange Binance announced it was temporarily suspending all Solana withdrawals due to network issues. The company said that it was aware of the current issues regarding withdrawals on the Solana network and has halted withdrawals for the time being, reports CryptoPotato. This isn’t the first time the exchange has faced an issue like this – halting several times before to clear the backlogs.
  • Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said a digital dollar would take years to develop if the U.S. decides to proceed with one, underscoring a deliberate approach by American policymakers as they flesh out their regulatory plans to address the rapid spread of digital assets. U.S. regulators are now engaged in a six-month review aimed at coming up with recommendations on a raft of issues linked to digital assets including a digital version of the U.S. sovereign currency, writes Bloomberg.


  • Billionaire crypto investor Michael Novogratz says that once the Federal Reserve takes a pause, Bitcoin could start taking off again. Novogratz spoke at the Bitcoin 2022 conference in Miami that attracted more than 25,000 attendees this week to Miami, FL. 
  • Tiger Global has led a $350 million investment in Near Protocol Blockchain, reports Bloomberg, which is more than double what it got just three months ago. The investment is a sign of the frenzy surrounding crypto startups, the article goes on to explain. As of Tuesday, Near Protocol’s market cap was more than $10 billion.
  • Ultimate Fighting Champion (UFC) athletes will be paid bonuses in Bitcoin as a result of the partnership between the mixed martial arts organization and Bitcoin bonuses will be awarded to the three stand-out fighters at each UFC pay-per view event, as voted for by fans across the world, writes Bloomberg. 


  • Bears have $100 million reasons to keep the Bitcoin price under $45,000 until Friday’s options expire, writes CoinTelegraph. Some analysts argue that Bitcoin rallied too fast and too soon and the weakness that we saw on April 7 is a result of that.
  • Billionaire and venture investor Peter Thiel took aim at ESG in a wide-ranging speech at Bitcoin 2022 in Miami where he called Warren Buffett, Jamie Dimon, and Larry Fink members of a “finance gerontocracy” opposed to a “revolutionary youth movement” that embraces Bitcoin. He said Buffett tops an “enemies list” of people who are trying to stop cryptocurrency. Thiel went on to accuse Buffett, Dimon, and Fink of using investing practices focused on environmental, social and governance goals as a “hate factory” to undermine Bitcoin and other businesses.
  • The European Union on Friday targeted crypto wallets, banks, currencies, and trusts in its fifth package of sanctions on Russia in a bid to close potential loopholes which could allow Russians to move money abroad, according to U.S. news.

Gold Market

This week gold futures closed at $1,948.50, up $24.80 per ounce, or 1.29%. Gold stocks, as measured by the NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index, ended the week higher by 0.39%. The S&P/TSX Venture Index came in off 1.03%. The U.S. Trade-Weighted Dollar jumped 1.23%.

Date Event Survey Actual Prior
Apr-4 Durable Goods Orders -2.2% -2.1% -2.2%
Apr-7 Initial Jobless Claims 200k 166k 171k
Apr-12 Germany CPI YoY 7.3% 7.3%
Apr-12 Germany ZEW Survey Expectations -48.5 -39.3
Apr-12 Germany ZEW Current Situation -35.0 -21.4
Apr-12 CPI YoY 8.4% 7.9%
Apr-13 PPI Final Demand YoY 10.6% 10.0%
Apr-14 ECB Main Refinancing Rate 0.000% 0.000%
Apr-14 Initial Jobless Claims 173k 166k


  • The best performing precious metal for the week was palladium, up 6.28%. Palladium surged late Friday after the London market suspended two state-owned Russian refineries from its accreditation lists, potentially disrupting 40% of the world’s supply chain. However, China consumes about 30% of the world’s demand for palladium so it is possible Russia could bypass Zurich and London and ship directly to China.
  • Canada’s Centerra Gold Inc. has agreed to hand control of its expropriated gold mine to Kyrgyzstan’s government. The agreement calls for Centerra to yield control of its owned subsidiary Kumtor Gold Co. and an affiliate to state-owned refiner Kyrgyzaltyn OJSC. In exchange for control, Kyrgyzaltyn is to transfer its 26% stake in Centerra back to the Canadian company, which plans to cancel the shares. The minority stake is valued at about (CA) $972 million, equivalent to $776 million USD. Centerra will pay $36 million for the shares to Kyrgyzaltyn and to Canadian tax authorities alongside other potential payments.
  • Exchange-traded funds added 176,458 troy ounces of gold to their holdings, bringing this year’s net purchases to 8.06 million ounces, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The purchases were equivalent to $339.8 million at the previous spot price. Total gold held by ETFs rose 8.2% this year to 105.9 million ounces, the highest level since February 18, 2021.


  • The worst performing precious metal for the week was platinum, down 1.21%, but still up on Friday with the London news. In what may be a double-edged sword, South African platinum miners’ output of nickel and copper could increase as much as 40% over the next 20 years, according to RMB Morgan Stanley. South African output of platinum group metals (PGMs) would decline by more than 25% over that period, but the PGM miners currently lack the sufficient plant capacity to process the base metals.
  • UBS decreased its fiscal year 2022 estimated earnings forecasts for Northam by 34% following a disappointing first half result and revised management guidance. Lower earnings and cash flow resulted in a 20% cut to the group’s price target of R160 per share. As highlighted in its first read, group EBITDA missed UBS’ forecast by 40% during the period, with management cutting full-year production guidance by 9% to 680-710,000 ounces and lifting unit cost guidance by 14%.
  • Gold jewelry demand in China, which has been hit by lockdowns in major cities and concerns over the spread of COVID, may take a few months to recover, according to London-based precious metals consultancy Metals Focus. Jewelry stores are closed in the provinces and districts under lockdown, although shops in areas with no lockdowns but with minor outbreaks are operating as normal, said Managing Director Philip Newman, citing feedback from colleagues in Hong Kong and Shanghai.


  • Gold Road is buying DGO Gold, in an all-scrip offer of 2.16 Gold Road shares for every DGO Gold share, implying an offer price of A$3.55 per share and an equity value of about A$308 million on a diluted basis. The offer represents an implied premium 20% over the last trading day, Gold Road says. The offer is subject to an 80% minimum acceptance by DGO shareholders.
  • Asante Gold Corp. announced it is entering an exclusive deal to purchase the Chirano Gold Mine in Ghana from Kinross Gold. The Chirano Gold Mine is located immediately adjacent to Asante’s Bibiani Gold Mine which is being brought back into production. Chirano will establish Asante as a gold producer with a growth pipeline that utilizes existing infrastructure.
  • Kinross also announced the sale of its Russian portfolio to Highland Gold for a total $680 million in potential proceeds, of which $100 million will be received up-front and the balance paid over 2023-27.


  • Sprott Resource Lending, who holds an $80 million credit facility as part of Ascot’s financing package ($20 million of which is already drawn) will not be releasing the remaining funds to Ascot, as the two sides cannot meet in agreement on terms. Sprott now requires 12 months of ore inventory to be in the Proven category, rather than Probable. Ascot’s reserve base is all classified as Probable
  • Zimbabwe’s mining industry sees a funding shortfall of $10 billion over the next five years, a challenge compounded by erratic power supplies and exchange-rate volatility. While Zimbabwe has the world’s third-biggest reserves of platinum-group metals, plus gold, diamond and chrome mines, development has been stymied by political instability, economic collapse and rules that deter foreign investment.
  • Natascha Viljoen, chief executive officer of Anglo-American Plc’s platinum business, said women do not feel safe working underground in South African mines. While the mining industry’s toxic culture is no secret, an explosive report from Rio Tinto Group in February laid bare the scale and severity of the problem. The abuse of women in mines from Australia to South Africa is increasing investor scrutiny of the world’s biggest mining companies.

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Holdings may change daily. Holdings are reported as of the most recent quarter-end. The following securities mentioned in the article were held by one or more accounts managed by U.S. Global Investors as of (12/31/2021): 

Ryanair Holdings

Boeing Co/The

JetBlue Airways Corp

Spirit Airlines Inc.

Alaska Air Group

Southwest Airlines

United Airlines

Delta Air Lines

American Airlines Inc.

Apple Inc.

Tesla Inc.

Booking Holdings Inc.

Costco Wholesale Corp.

Centerra Gold Inc.

Asante Gold Corp.

*The above-mentioned indices are not total returns. These returns reflect simple appreciation only and do not reflect dividend reinvestment.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a price-weighted average of 30 blue chip stocks that are generally leaders in their industry. The S&P 500 Stock Index is a widely recognized capitalization-weighted index of 500 common stock prices in U.S. companies. The Nasdaq Composite Index is a capitalization-weighted index of all Nasdaq National Market and SmallCap stocks. The Russell 2000 Index® is a U.S. equity index measuring the performance of the 2,000 smallest companies in the Russell 3000®, a widely recognized small-cap index.

The Hang Seng Composite Index is a market capitalization-weighted index that comprises the top 200 companies listed on Stock Exchange of Hong Kong, based on average market cap for the 12 months. The Taiwan Stock Exchange Index is a capitalization-weighted index of all listed common shares traded on the Taiwan Stock Exchange. The Korea Stock Price Index is a capitalization-weighted index of all common shares and preferred shares on the Korean Stock Exchanges.

The Philadelphia Stock Exchange Gold and Silver Index (XAU) is a capitalization-weighted index that includes the leading companies involved in the mining of gold and silver. The U.S. Trade Weighted Dollar Index provides a general indication of the international value of the U.S. dollar. The S&P/TSX Canadian Gold Capped Sector Index is a modified capitalization-weighted index, whose equity weights are capped 25 percent and index constituents are derived from a subset stock pool of S&P/TSX Composite Index stocks. The NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index is a modified market capitalization weighted index comprised of publicly traded companies involved primarily in the mining for gold and silver. The S&P/TSX Venture Composite Index is a broad market indicator for the Canadian venture capital market. The index is market capitalization weighted and, at its inception, included 531 companies. A quarterly revision process is used to remove companies that comprise less than 0.05% of the weight of the index, and add companies whose weight, when included, will be greater than 0.05% of the index.

The S&P 500 Energy Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the energy sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Materials Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the material sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Financials Index is a capitalization-weighted index. The index was developed with a base level of 10 for the 1941-43 base period. The S&P 500 Industrials Index is a Materials Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the industrial sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the consumer discretionary sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Information Technology Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the information technology sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Consumer Staples Index is a Materials Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the consumer staples sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Utilities Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the utilities sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Healthcare Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the healthcare sector as a subset of the S&P 500. The S&P 500 Telecom Index is a Materials Index is a capitalization-weighted index that tracks the companies in the telecom sector as a subset of the S&P 500.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is one of the most widely recognized price measures for tracking the price of a market basket of goods and services purchased by individuals. The weights of components are based on consumer spending patterns. The Purchasing Manager’s Index is an indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector. The PMI index is based on five major indicators: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries and the employment environment. Gross domestic product (GDP) is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific time period, though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis. It includes all private and public consumption, government outlays, investments and exports less imports that occur within a defined territory.

The Eurozone Services PMI (Purchasing Managers’ Index) is produced by S&P Global and is based on original survey data collected from a representative panel of around 2,000 private service sector firms. National data are included for Germany, France, Italy, Spain and the Republic of Ireland. These countries together account for an estimated 78% of eurozone private sector services output.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the average change in prices over time that consumers pay for a basket of goods and services.